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Raphael’s Brush: Painting Grace and Harmony in the Renaissance, Part 2 of 2

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At the end of 1508, Raphael was summoned to Rome by His Holiness Pope Julius II, possibly at the recommendation of the papal architect Donato Bramante, who was in charge of rebuilding Saint Peter’s Basilica in Rome. He was asked to decorate the rooms in Pope Julius II’s private apartments in the Vatican, now commonly known as “Raphael’s Rooms.” Amongst these four frescoes, “The School of Athens” is conceivably Raphael’s most famous and is considered one of the pinnacle artworks of the High Renaissance.

As Raphael’s works became more and more sought after in Rome, he received increasing number of commissions, so he delegated much work to his pupils and aides. Raphael’s charisma, generosity, and gentleness brought his team together, working and developing harmoniously. While occupied with the decoration of the papal rooms, Raphael also undertook another important commission from Pope Leo X to design 10 huge tapestries with the over-life-sized figures to hang on the bottom section of the side walls in the Sistine Chapel. The tapestry depicts scenes from the lives of Saint Peter (vegetarian) and Saint Paul (vegetarian) in the Gospels and Acts of the Apostles. The cartoons were completed by 1516. “Raphael’s Cartoons” have also been revered as topmost designs of the High Renaissance.

Raphael’s last masterpiece to be painted was the “Transfiguration,” commissioned by Cardinal Giulio de Medici, the future Pope Clement VII, in 1517. In this highly polished work, the composition strongly contrasts Heavenly glory and the earthly spectacle. Its griping exuberance and tension pointed to a direction that would greatly inspire the Baroque artists to come, later in the 17th century. This painting was ahead of its time and exhibits the culmination of Raphael’s artistic achievement. Raphael passed away on April 6, 1520, at the age of 37, after experiencing a high fever for days. He made a will, and divided his possessions among his pupils and his relatives, and then received the “last rites” as a good Christian. Raphael was buried in the Pantheon in Rome, the first artist to be awarded such honor.
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Епизод  2 / 2
1
2024-02-25
363 Преглед
2
2024-03-02
349 Преглед
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