Ripe tomatoes may contain four types of carotenoids, including alpha- and beta-carotene, lutein, and lycopene. Lycopene is concentrated in the skin of the tomato and helps us minimize damage caused by the ultraviolet rays of the sun. In a study where people consumed 40 grams of tomato paste with olive oil daily for 10 weeks, there were 40% fewer sunburns. In addition to lycopene, tomatoes contain a powerful ester called chlorogenic acid, which may help to lower blood pressure in people with hypertension. Beta-carotene works to prevent the oxidation of cells and is converted by the body into vitamin A. As with lycopene, naringenin is concentrated in the tomato’s skin and is more available to humans when the fruit is cooked. Whether they are eaten raw or cooked, tomatoes pack a lot of nutrition. Fortunately, tomatoes contain two additional antioxidants: vitamin C and vitamin E. Eating one medium-sized tomato can provide up to 28% of the daily intake amount considered sufficient for most healthy people. Moving on from vitamins, let’s discuss an essential mineral that tomatoes supply. Potassium is classified as an electrolyte because it produces ions when dissolved in water. These positively charged atoms are vital for maintaining an electrochemical balance across cell membranes, enabling nerves to relay signals that regulate the heart’s beating and other bodily functions. Eating fruits and vegetables rich in potassium helps the body excrete excess sodium, thus preventing fluid retention and lowering blood pressure. You have probably heard that carrots are good for your eyesight. But did you know that tomatoes can serve as a defense against the blue light coming from computer and cell phone screens? The oversized berries contain lutein and zeaxanthin, two anti-inflammatory carotenoids that may help ease the feeling of tiredness and reduce headaches from eye strain. Tomatoes also keep your intestines functioning normally. On average, tomatoes contain about 1.5 grams of fiber. Most of the fiber in tomatoes is insoluble, promoting bowel health, regularity, and a feeling of fullness that can help with weight management.