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Категория : Културни следи по света
Дата : 2021
Сортирай : Харесани
Субтитри : Всичко

Traditional Musical Instrument: The Finnish Kantele

14:37

Traditional Musical Instrument: The Finnish Kantele

The kantele, a plucked string instrument belonging to the zither family, is the Finnish version of the psaltery played by peoples living in the eastern Baltic countries. Kanteles are grouped into two categories: the small kantele and the concert kantele. Small kanteles have 15 or fewer strings with a range of around two octaves and generally have a shape similar to that of traditional instruments. The main playing techniques are plucking and strumming the strings with the fingers or with a stick. Although various playing methods exist, the most traditional way is to use the right thumb to play the shortest string and one finger for each of the other strings while interleaving the fingers of the left and right hands. A reverberant sound is produced by plucking a string upward so that all the other strings are free to vibrate. With a kantele, you can make various kinds of tones to play melodic lines, an accompaniment, or even both! Modern concert kanteles can have up to 40 strings with a switch mechanism for making sharps and flats, an innovation made by Paul Salminen in the 1920s. The shape of these instruments is similar to that of large western stringed instruments such as the piano or harp. For playing a concert kantele, a table is used and the strings are pulled toward the player. The main playing technique is to pluck the strings or glide from one string to another using the index, middle, and ring fingers. The thumb plucks up and then moves underneath the palm. This wonderful instrument can be used for playing in various musical forms and genres, from folk tunes, waltzes, serious art music, and soothing meditative melodies to pop, rock, and avant-garde music. With its bell-like tones, the kantele is able to create a mystical mood that transports listeners back to legendary or mythical realms. Let’s now enjoy an excerpt from “Motion” performed in 2020 by the duo Eva Alkula and Tomoya Nakai on top of a scenic mountain.
Културни следи по света
2021-03-17   1395 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2021-03-17

Latin American Dance

14:06

Latin American Dance

Latin America is a place with many culturally enriched dances. Stemming from Mexico, South America, Central America and the Caribbean, Latin American dances infuse cultural flavour with technical skill to bring exciting performances to audiences worldwide. Modern Latin American dance consists of a wide variety of styles that were formed in separate cities and countries. Some of the dances have been standardised with internationally agreed techniques, rhythms and tempos. The dances generally fall into two categories - the International and American Style. The International Latin Style dances are often performed competitively due to its highly disciplined and technical traits. The dance styles in this category include the Cha Cha, Rumba, Samba, Paso Doble and Jive. The Cha Cha, originally known as Cha Cha Cha, is one of the staples of international Latin dance competitions. The dance is characterized by three quick steps forward and two slower steps backwards - “one, two, cha-cha-cha, three, four, cha-cha-cha.” While maintaining minimal upper-torso movement, dancers sway their hips and straighten their knees on half beats. The slowest of the Latin dances is the Rumba. Considered to be the most romantic of the Latin dances, the Rumba emphasizes movement of the body rather than the feet and is full of emotion and interaction between partners. Each dancer tries to entice the other with side-to-side hip movements and twisted steps. Danced to a basic pattern of two quick side steps and a slow forward step, the Rumba is adaptable to many musical forms that accommodate a quick-quick-slow rhythm. In Brazil, Samba is a popular Latin dance at street festivals and celebrations like the Brazilian Carnival. Set to music with African rhythms, this joyful and lively dance is characterized by rapidly moving hips and quick transfers of weight. Although it is usually performed solo in the Brazilian culture, ballroom versions have been developed where partners dance with bounce and hip rolling motions. The fastest of the Latin dances is the Jive. This happy and extremely energetic dance incorporates plenty of knee-lifting, bending, kicking, flicking and rocking of the hips. Latin American dances are taught in academies all around the world. Through dancing, people of different ages and backgrounds can stay physically fit while building new friendships. Consistent dance practice brings numerous health and social benefits.
Културни следи по света
2021-01-08   1344 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2021-01-08

Onsens - The Hotsprings of Japan

12:35

Onsens - The Hotsprings of Japan

Japan, the “Land of the Rising Sun,” is an island country in East Asia. Although it is a nation with rapid modern development, it has never lost touch with its traditional culture and heritage. The island is blessed with more than 3,000 mineral-rich onsens, fed directly from the 25,000 thermal springs bubbling beneath its unique geothermal archipelago. Furthermore, the ongoing volcanic activities provides continuous fuel for its numerous hot springs. These natural onsens, which are scenically beautiful and wonderfully warm enough for bathing, are also rich in minerals that are beneficial to the human body. For over a thousand years, hot springs have become an essential part of the Japanese way of living; namely, they provide a sanctuary for personal reflection, relaxation and healing. Have you ever wondered how the healing benefit of hot springs was discovered? According to “Nihon Shoki” (“The Chronicles of Japan”), the 1,300-year-old annal of Japanese history and legend, a white heron was healed after dipping its injured leg into hot water gushing out of the rocks. Ever since then, people started bathing in the naturally heated spring water onsens for healing and relaxation. “Bathing just once in this hot spring will clear your skin, and continued bathing will cure all of your aches and pains... people call it – the water of the gods.” This is a saying about Tamatsukuri Onsen written in 733 AD, as recorded in the “Izumo no Kuni Fudoki” (“Chronicle of the Land of Izumo”). This saying provides another insight into the importance of onsens and their value in the hearts of the Japanese people. This “water of the gods” in the myriad of Japanese onsens has for centuries soothed, healed and nurtured all who partook in its pleasures. The spirit of generosity and hospitality of the Japanese people is perhaps best summarized by the motto of Hananoyu Inn, as featured in the animation movie “Okko’s Inn”: “Hananoyu Spring rejects no one. It welcomes and heals everyone!” We thank Japan for sharing this abundant blessing from Mother Nature with the world.
Културни следи по света
2021-02-03   1307 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2021-02-03

Kashmir: A Paradise on Earth

14:12

Kashmir: A Paradise on Earth

The fourth Mughal Emperor, His Majesty Jahangir, had said this about Kashmir, “If there’s a paradise on Earth, it is this, it is this, it is this.” Kashmir is widely known for its natural beauty and rich culture. Inhabitants of diverse religious backgrounds including Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism, and Christianity coexist amicably and form their own distinct and harmonious community. This melting pot of cultures is based on the centuries-old indigenous tradition, Kashmiriyat, which values tolerance, peace, and cultural harmony. Kashmir is a land of many legends and famous residents. From Emperors, such as Alexander the Great and Ashoka, to scholars, such as Adi Sankaracharya and the mystic Abhinavagupta, Kashmir is indeed home to some incredible individuals. Kashmir’s ancient monuments tell fascinating stories about the region’s history. In the 8th century CE, the Martand Sun Temple shrine was built in honor of the deity, Surya. This monument is one of the largest temples ever built in Kashmir. It has a colonnaded courtyard and a primary shrine in its center that is surrounded by 84 smaller shrines. Nature’s artistic work in Kashmir can best be appreciated in spring, when almond trees blossom together with multi-colored tulips. Kashmir’s alpine meadows also feature an extensive variety of wildflowers. The Himalayan region is referred to as a beauty spot for medicinal and herbaceous flora. The Kashmiri people have splendid and attractive costumes. A Khan dress or Pathani suit with a skull cap is common attire for men. As for women, the Pheran (a loose, knee-length type of cloak) and Shalwar (pants) with the traditional Kasaba (headgear) comprise their popular outfit. With their diverse history and cultural heritage, the Kashmiri people have forged a unique sense of identity that can be explored through their festivals, dances, music, literature, handicrafts, and cuisine.
Културни следи по света
2021-03-24   1053 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2021-03-24

Afghanistan: Ancient Culture and Beautiful Heritage, Part 2 of 3

14:38

Afghanistan: Ancient Culture and Beautiful Heritage, Part 2 of 3

The first traces of human life in Afghanistan were found around 52,000 years ago. The earliest Afghan metal handicrafts can be traced back to the Bronze Age (3,300 to 1,200 BC). Also, over 20,600 gold items, such as coins, necklaces and other jewelry were found in burial mounds in Sheberghan, Jowzjan Province. Another significant form of art in Afghanistan is Gandharan art, a Buddhist art style developed during the 1st and 7th centuries AD. The Buddhas of Bamiyan were two monumental statues of Vairocana Buddha and Gautama Buddha that had been carved into the side of a cliff in the Bamiyan valley of central Afghanistan during the Hephthalites' time. Unfortunately, both statues were destroyed in 2001, leaving huge vacant spaces. In 2003, the Bamiyan Valley was included on UNESCO's World Heritage List and the List of World Heritage in Danger. Later, the art in Afghanistan was deeply influenced by Persian and Islamic culture. Grand mosques were built in the country featuring elaborate tiling styles. Many of these styles and techniques were influenced by Uzbek and Chinese ceramics. Afghanistan is the only place that can produce pottery artwork in this turquoise color. Embroidery and fabric handicrafts are traditional arts practiced throughout the history of Afghanistan and are typically done by women and girls. Each of Afghanistan’s ethnic groups has its own specific style of traditional embroidery. The unique embroidery called Khamak is a trademark of the southern city of Kandahar, and is considered by art experts to be one of the world’s finest embroidery forms. Afghanistan’s traditional clothing is quite conservative. For women, an ankle-length dress is worn with loose-fitting trousers called a tunbaan. A headscarf known as a chador is then worn to cover their hair. The men wear a similar basic outfit consisting of trousers and a loose-fitting shirt with a turban that differs according to where he is from. This clothing style dates back to the early medieval period and the time when Islamic culture was adopted. In 2006 the first Afghan fashion show was held in Kabul, thus opening a new era of traditional fashion in Afghanistan.
Културни следи по света
2021-10-20   717 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2021-10-20

The Indigenous People of Venezuela – Guardians of the Land, Part 1 of 2

14:46

The Indigenous People of Venezuela – Guardians of the Land, Part 1 of 2

Venezuela is an immigrant based country, consisting of four main ethnic groups: Around 52% of its population are from the Mestizo, a group with a mix of European, Amerindian, and African ancestries; 42 % are of a European descent; 4% are of an African descent; and 2% population are native Venezuelans. The earliest settlers of ancient Venezuela are generally believed to be Siberians who crossed the Bering Strait, connecting Russia and Alaska, during the last glacial period about 23,000 years ago. Though separated into different groups today, DNA research by Harvard Medical School revealed a common ancestry. Their ancestors moved into North America, and then later to Central and South America. Evidence shows that the earliest habitants of northwest Venezuela traces back more than 15,000 years ago. The agriculture system of indigenous Venezuelan was established as early as the 1st millennium. By the end of the 15th century, an estimated 300,000 to 400,000 indigenous people inhabited the current Venezuela region. Today there are 51 indigenous groups currently living in Venezuela, and 44 groups are officially recognized by the government. The largest groups include the Wayuú, Pemón, Warao, Yanomami, and Kariña peoples. The picturesque Canaima National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage site, is home to the Pemón tribes. The Pemón's houses are huts with walls made of clay or bark, and roofs made of palm leaves. Besides collecting the food from the wilderness, Pemón men prepare the soil for planting and the women garden, harvest, and transport crops.Pemón's living area, the Gran Sabana, with its gorgeous sceneries, has become a tourist attraction place and provides the main source of income for the locals. For the last three years, while the economy and tourism have been slow, the Pemón people in the Kavanayén village have resisted lucrative offers from the mining industry, and have returned to a more environmentally responsible way of living, with traditional farming. The traditional farming fosters teamwork in families and the community. By working together, they also reduce their carbon footprint on the planet. This keeps their spirits and optimism high, even through difficult times.
Културни следи по света
2021-07-28   1019 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2021-07-28

Croatia: A Crossroads of Precious Cultures, Part 1 of 3

15:04

Croatia: A Crossroads of Precious Cultures, Part 1 of 3

The Republic of Croatia is a beautiful European country located at the crossroads connecting Central Europe and the Mediterranean Sea. The nation borders Slovenia, Hungary, and several other countries. Croatia features beautiful islands, silver beaches, and blue sea off of its coast. Its mainland has a number of mountain ranges, with Dinara Mountain being the highest peak. Due to its geographic location, Croatia enjoys a moderately warm climate, so the country is suitable for both peaceful living and comfortable travel. Its history, cultural heritage, and natural beauty make Croatia one of the most visited of all Mediterranean destinations. In addition to being popular with visitors, Croatia also takes proactive action to preserve its history, natural resources, and environment by promoting sustainable travel and eco-friendly accommodations. The country is also home to several minority ethnic groups such as the Serbs, the Bosniaks, the Hungarians, the Slovenians, the Czechs, and the Romani people. Although more than 86% of the population is Roman Catholic, freedom of religion is a right that is fully protected by the Croatian constitution.Croatia is an important artistic and architectural center in southeastern Europe. We’ll now present some examples that showcase the architectural splendor of this beautiful land. Most of these historical places have been recognized as World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. Diocletian’s Palace, one of the world’s best-preserved examples of Roman architecture, is a massive structure built between 295 AD and 305 AD by the Roman emperor Diocletian. The Cathedral of Saint Domnius in Split city was built between 295 AD and 305 AD, and stands as the oldest of European cathedrals. It is also the world’s oldest Catholic cathedral remaining in use in its original form. The Euphrasian Basilica is one of the best preserved early Christian complexes and is considered one of the world’s most significant historical monuments. The most unique and largest treasures of the Euphrasian Basilica are the magnificent mosaics on the apse. Its central part is decorated with scenes of the Mother of God enthroned with Christ and surrounded by archangels.
Културни следи по света
2021-05-26   1225 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2021-05-26

The Spiritual Lumad Societies of Mindanao

15:55

The Spiritual Lumad Societies of Mindanao

The Lumad people encompass a collection of indigenous people from the Mindanao region. This area is the second-largest island in the Philippines and also includes smaller islands surrounding the main landmass. The Lumad people or Lumadnon, consist of approximately 18 major groups. The island of Mindanao contains a significant portion of forested and protected areas, many of which are ancestral lands of the Lumadnon and have spiritual affiliations. Hence, the Lumad people consistently advocate for conservation and environmental protection. The island is home to threatened animal and plant species such as the Philippine Eagle, Philippine warty pig, and the Rafflesia schadenbergiana. This is known as the largest flower in the world and a valuable tourist attraction. The Lumadnon have traditionally followed an animistic path of spirituality, and there is a wide-held belief that certain deities affect people and the communities. Many of the spirits are linked to beings in the natural world including plants, lakes, areas of native land, and animals. Water bodies have significant spiritual ties for many of the groups. Among the Bagobo community, the limokon or turtle dove is believed to be a messenger of the gods, while the T’boli view it as the spirit of their ancestors communicating with them. Signs from the spirit world are also sought for guidance around farming. Among the Lumadnon, spirituality and crafts are also interwoven. Certain Lumad communities such as Bagobo, T’boli, Mandaya, Kulaman, and B’laan are known as master weavers. They create eye-catching cloth and elaborate clothes with vibrant patterns and colors. The late Lang Dulay was considered to be a master weaver of the T’nalak. In 1998, this inspiring woman was named as a National Living Treasure by the Philippine government’s National Commission for Culture and the Arts. Various Lumad groups are also highly skilled in metalsmithing. This includes the Teduray, Bagobo, Mandaya, and T’boli. Various works of jewelry and adornment have been made, often out of brass, including belts, bracelets, chains, anklets, and bells. Each Lumad group is a testament to the diverse history, knowledge, customs, traditions, and beauty of the indigenous Philippine peoples.
Културни следи по света
2021-03-10   853 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2021-03-10

Afghanistan: Ancient Culture and Beautiful Heritage, Part 1 of 3

16:03

Afghanistan: Ancient Culture and Beautiful Heritage, Part 1 of 3

Afghanistan is a landlocked country located at the crossroads of Central and South Asia. Afghanistan borders Pakistan to the east and south, China to the northeast, Iran to the west, and Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan to the north. Because of its strategically important location connecting the Middle East, India, and the Eurasian Steppe, Afghanistan served as a central gateway on the ancient Silk Road, the famous trade route stretching from the Mediterranean Sea to China. The earliest human traces in the region of Afghanistan go back at least 52,000 years. The earliest written record can be traced back to around 500 BC - the time of the Achaemenid Empire. Today Afghanistan is an Islamic nation, in which over 90% of the population follow Sunni Islam, about 10% are Shia Muslims, and a small percent follow other religions such as Zoroastrianism, Sikhism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Hinduism. Afghanistan is famous for cherished historical sites including forts, minarets, castles, statues, and palaces, as well as ancient crafts, and a variety of art forms. The Citadel of Herat, located in the center of Herat in the fertile Hari River Valley, is also known as the Citadel of Alexander. Between 1976 and 1979, the historic Citadel was excavated and restored by UNESCO, and after experiencing decades of conflict, several international organizations decided to rebuild it. In the historical trade center of Ghazni city, the Ghazni Minarets, the only architectural remnants of the Bahram Shah Mosque and artifacts of the great Ghaznavid Empire, are two elaborately decorated towers built of fired mud bricks in the middle of the 12th century. The Minaret of Jam, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is located in a remote region of the Ghor Province in western Afghanistan. The Minaret of Jam was built of intricate baked bricks around the year 1190 as a monument of the Ghorid Empire.
Културни следи по света
2021-10-13   963 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2021-10-13

Japanese Traditional Crafts, Part 2 of 2 – Washi and Suminagashi: The Arts of Paper Making and Paper Marbling

13:17

Japanese Traditional Crafts, Part 2 of 2 – Washi and Suminagashi: The Arts of Paper Making and Paper Marbling

Traditional Japanese paper is called washi. The term is nowadays used to describe paper made by hand from local fibers that are washed, boiled, beaten, and then strained using traditional techniques. The fibers used for washi are often selected from gampi trees, a group of Japanese shrubs that have been used for making paper since the eighth century. Besides for writing and painting, washi can be used to make a wide range of arts and crafts, including even boxes for gifts, candles, or other special items. It takes many years of training and practice at traditional techniques to make washi of consistent size and thickness. Mr. Ichibei Iwano is a 9th-generation paper craftsman from Ehizen Washi, a small city in Fukui Prefecture on the West coast of Honshu, Japan’s main island that has a history of papermaking spanning more than 1,500 years. Mr. Iwano has been designated a Living National Treasure by the Japanese government. Mr. Iwano says that to make the best quality paper, it’s important that he has a calm mind, without any anger or irritation. In Suminagashi, which means “floating ink,” concentric circles of differently colored dyes are floated in multiple layers on the surface of the water, and then the pattern is broken by blowing on it or fanning it with a fan, creating a unique and delicate striped pattern. Washi paper is then immersed in the ink to copy the pattern. This type of artwork is sometimes called “paper marbling” in English, and it has a history of many thousands of years around the world. While washi paper is the traditional medium for suminagashi, nowadays cloth is also used to copy the special pattern to kimonos, the traditional Japanese clothing. The beauty of suminagashi creations, along with its associated culture and traditions, attracts many people to the art, both in Japan and abroad. Mr. Tadao Fukuda is a 91-year-old craftsman from Japan who has been certified as a holder of the title Intangible Cultural Property for his expertise in suminagashi. He uses a fan that is designed to create just the right amount of wind to create a pattern with a unique, beautiful texture. And to preserve the pattern, he uses a special piece of washi paper called a "torinoko-shi" made by him. Echizen Washi has been famous for its torinoko-shi since the Muromachi Period (1336-1573).
Културни следи по света
2021-12-01   571 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2021-12-01

The Brokpa People - Vegans for Thousands of Years

11:21

The Brokpa People - Vegans for Thousands of Years

The Brokpa are a unique indigenous community mostly living in the Ladakh area of India. They are also known as the Brogpa or Drogpa. They refer to themselves as Minaro, which means “Aryan.” The term Aryan in the ancient Indian language of Sanskrit translates as “distinguished” or “noble” and historically refers to a light-skinned people who spoke an Indo-European language. They entered ancient India and influenced the culture, literature and religion of the locals.One school of thought on their origin posits that the Brokpa people may be descendants of troops that were left behind by Alexander the Great. It has been noted that the Brokpa folk songs describe their migration route that ties in with this theory, and Alexander the Great is believed to have left his troops in Dardistan or modern-day Pakistan. For somewhere between 2,000 and 5,000 years, the Brokpa maintained a strict vegan diet, meaning they excluded animal products including meat, eggs, and dairy. This age-old way of eating is tied to their traditional spiritual beliefs that the world is divided into three different spheres, including a realm of gods, a realm of people and a lower realm consisting of water spirits. The Brokpa belief is that these worlds are connected by a tree that makes communication between them possible. In order to link with the realm of the gods, there is an emphasis on purity. Brokpa women are respected and honored. This is because women have the power of producing life and carrying on the bloodline of the community. As a result of this, they enjoy freedom and mutual respect within their families and villages. During the Bono-na festival, the women dress up in their finest clothing and walk around slowly in a circle performing a courtship dance, at the same time singing folk songs, and calling out to the men to join them. The women also propose marriage. A distinguishing feature of the Brokpa is their love of flowers. The colorful headgear called “tepi” has numerous decorations attached and is adorned with vibrant flowers. Wearing tepi is considered a way to repel evil influences. The women also wear gold, silver, and other metal jewelry, which are not only decorative but also are believed to have protective qualities. The community members also rely on herbal medicine in order to cure their sick.
Културни следи по света
2021-07-21   1025 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2021-07-21

Bhutan: The Land of Happiness

15:59

Bhutan: The Land of Happiness

Bhutan is the only nation in the world to focus on Gross National Happiness or GNH in its national decision-making. Bhutan’s ancient legal code states that: “If the government cannot create happiness for its people, then there is no purpose for the government to exist.” That message from the nation’s ancestors offers a guiding principle to all of Bhutan’s rulers, requiring them to ensure the happiness of all its citizens.The Bhutanese people live according to Buddhist principles of compassion and nonviolence. Since ancient times, they have strived to live in harmony with their environment and to protect both animal-people and plants as best they can. The government combines conservation and carefully implemented ecotourism to earn state revenue. The country has ten national parks that lie on the border with India. In Bhutan’s constitution, Article 5 Section 3 states that at least sixty percent of its territory must be covered by forest. Bhutan has exceeded that objective for several years, as currently, about 72 percent of the kingdom’s land area is forested.As a part of its mission to raise the level of happiness of its citizens, the Bhutanese government has launched an intensive organic farming program. A pilot program began in 2003, and then the National Framework for Organic Farming for Bhutan (NFOFB) was established in 2007, followed by the launch of the National Organic Program (NOP) in 2008. Farmers in the country are becoming increasingly convinced that working in harmony with nature helps to sustain the flow of nature's bounties.The size of Bhutan’s economy is relatively small, with a Gross Domestic Product of less than two billion dollars. But education and healthcare are completely free. All citizens are guaranteed a free basic school education, and those who work hard are provided with a free college education. The state also guarantees the basic human need of housing. If a citizen does not have a house, the government will assist them in finding a place to live, under the oversight of the Ministry of Happiness. Young Bhutanese learn how to achieve happiness in their lives from a young age. Bhutan is one of the countries which has been impacted the least by the pandemic. The king, government officials, and the general population all worked hand in hand to respond to the pandemic, and the king personally traveled to many remote areas to warn his people.
Културни следи по света
2021-12-29   591 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2021-12-29

Holy Songs - Bahá'í Prayers

16:08

Holy Songs - Bahá'í Prayers

The Baháʼí faith is one of the fastest growing religions in the world. Founded in the 19th century by His Holiness Baháʼu'lláh in Persia, it is now estimated to have over five million believers all over the world. Bahá means “glory” or “splendor.” There are three central teachings of the Bahá’i Faith, which are the unity of God, the unity of religion, and unity of humankind. Prayers are important to Baháʼí practitioners, as they bring one closer to God.His Holiness `Abdu'l-Bahá, the son of His Holiness Baháʼu'lláh and the appointed successor, wrote many beautiful and profound prayer verses. Some of these verses have been set to music by the believers. Today we invite you to listen to three uplifting devotional songs by Baha’i inspired performers with lyrics based on prayers by His Holiness `Abdu'l-Bahá. The first song is called “Waves of the Sea” from the album “Seed” composed by the British composer Richard Leigh. “Waves of the Sea” is a prayer for oneness. Indeed, each of us is a part of the whole; we are connected, united and are one in essence. If more people realize this, there will be more peace, cooperation, and harmony among us all. The next song is called “Aid Thou,” composed and sung by Rebecca Johnston-Garvin from the album "Befriend Me." The lyrics are based on the prayer “On my God, aid Thou Thy servant,” written by His Holiness `Abdu'l-Bahá. This prayer reminds us that we all rely on the Almighty God to aid and guide us on our spiritual path, to overcome worldly obstacles and to continue to serve Hirm. The last song “Ray of Light” from the album “Temple of Light” is composed and performed by Christopher Faizi. The video shows various Bahá'í Houses of Worship around the world. These uplifting songs inspired by prayers of His Holiness `Abdu'l-Bahá have certainly brought rays of sunlight into our hearts, encouraging us to strive to be connected with the Divine within.
Културни следи по света
2021-01-27   1116 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2021-01-27

Japanese Traditional Crafts, Part 1 of 2 - Kintsugi: Finding Beauty in Mending Pottery

14:22

Japanese Traditional Crafts, Part 1 of 2 - Kintsugi: Finding Beauty in Mending Pottery

Japan has a long history of ceramics, dating back to the Jōmon period (c. 14,000 – 300 BC), when pottery became widespread in the country, including for decorative purposes. Japanese potters have used lacquer in their work since around 2,400 BC. Traditional Japanese lacquer is commonly called urushi lacquer because it’s made from the sap of the urushi tree. In Kintsugi, lacquer is used to repair broken pottery, but then instead of hiding the cracks or repairs, a sprinkling of gold, silver or platinum is added to enhance it. If gold is used, the process is called “kintsugi,” where “kin” means “gold” and “tsugi” means “joinery.” With a delicate touch of kintsugi and a little bit of TLC, broken items gain a new life and dignity, symbolizing the beauty of healing and rebirth. The Zen Buddhist aesthetic behind Kintsugi is connected with the Japanese ideal of mushin a state of mind free from anger, fear, and ego. A person who has achieved a state of mushin accepts and embraces change and fate as aspects of human existence, so he or she recognizes, and even celebrates the beauty in broken, imperfect things. Mr. Hidetoshi Nobu is a second-generation kintsugi master from Takeo town in Saga Prefecture in Kyushu, the southernmost of Japan’s main islands. Mr. Nobu is so skilled at kintsugi that he frequently restores historical artwork for museums and art dealers. He has seen a rise in the number of requests from private individuals over the past few decades. Mr. Nobu also teaches kintsugi workshops around Japan. Another famous kintsugi enthusiast and teacher is Mr. Kunio Nakamura, the owner of the Sixth Dimension bookstore cafe in Ogikubo, Tokyo, where he hosts kintsugi classes. As a freelance director of art and travel shows, Mr. Nakamura has visited over 40 countries, and has written many books on the art of Kintsugi. Kintsugi is increasingly being recognized as a method of quieting and healing the mind. By tending to the cracks and broken pieces and creating something beautiful from them, one learns to appreciate life’s flaws and imperfections, and that opportunities for healing, growth, and transformation are always present.
Културни следи по света
2021-11-24   1219 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2021-11-24

The Arctic’s Resilient Inuit People

11:48

The Arctic’s Resilient Inuit People

The Inuit are a remarkable indigenous community who are considered the world’s northernmost culture. Living above the tree line in the Arctic, this nomadic group needed to develop special skills to survive. One of the most famous and iconic structures made by the Inuit is the igloo, which they developed as a temporary shelter for the long, harsh winters. An igloo is typically made of very hard packed snow and excellent at blocking out wind. Once people are inside the structure, their body heat warms the interior, causing a small amount of melting. If they then leave the igloo for a period, the inside walls freeze up again. The ice created serves as a barrier to the colder temperatures outside. Another iconic feature of the ancient Inuit was their mode of transportation. During the warmer months, when travel on ice and snow was not practical, they walked on foot and used boats. They had two types of boats, the umiak and the kayak. The umiak was the larger one and used for transporting people and trading goods. Umiaks could carry up to 15 people, but were also light enough to lift out of the water and transport across the ice. Kayak building and use is a notable aspect of Inuit culture. One of the unique features of an Inuit kayak is that the watertight, covered deck protects the navigator from the elements, water spray and waves. A great deal about the Inuit can be understood by their approach to music. Katajjaq, or throat singing, is a vocal game or contest usually involving one or more pairs of women. Pisiit songs are sacred, typically accompanied by a drum, and are of joy, healing, and resilience. They record Inuit history and are poetry-like. The modern Inuit come from a lineage of people dating back thousands of years who have had to survive in harsh conditions. But the specter of climate change is one that is threatening their unique and vibrant way of life. We pray that there will soon be a rapid and full embrace of the plant-based diet globally as this will halt the Arctic’s melting and help safeguard the Inuit culture.
Културни следи по света
2021-01-20   1475 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2021-01-20

Ghana – The Blessed Land with a Vibrant Culture, Part 1 of 3

14:56

Ghana – The Blessed Land with a Vibrant Culture, Part 1 of 3

Ghana is located along the Guinea Gulf and Atlantic Ocean in West Africa. Spanning over 560 kilometers of tropical coastline, Ghana is a place of natural beauty and colorful cultures. The country’s cultural mosaic encompasses over 70 different tribes and six major ethnic groups. Although English is the most common language, Ghanaians also widely speak in native tongues, such as Twi and Ga. There are as many as 52 languages and hundreds of dialects spoken in this African country. Ghanaians embrace a collective culture where everything is shared, including food and social reputation. Ghana is one of the 32 African countries where baobab trees flourish. Many Savannah communities build their homes near these trees because they provide humans and animals with shelter, food, and water. The baobab fruit is also one of the world’s most nutrient-dense and antioxidant-rich fruits. Ghana is infused with a vibrant culture of art, music, and dance. The Ashanti Region in south Ghana is known to be the largest center for traditional crafts. Bonwire is famous for being the first Ashanti weaving village that was responsible for creating Kente cloth for the king. Kente is one of Ghana’s national textiles. The art of wood carving can be found in the Ahwiaa village. Akua’Ba figures are used by Akan women as a symbol of fertility. The Ashanti community believes that the stool is the receptacle of the soul, and the chiefs’ stools are specially preserved in shrines. Teshie and Nungua are two neighboring villages that feature fantasy coffin workshops. For example, the coffin can be made in the form of a car, airplane, shoe, sewing machine, building, or animal. Traditionally, Ghanaian women begin to wear waist beads when they enter adult age. In the east, the Krobo people hold a Dipo ceremony in April to celebrate girls’ transition from youth to adulthood. Women in the Sirigu village play an important role in the art of mural painting. The murals are a unique expression of the cultural identity of the ethnic Kassena-Nankana people. For the animal symbols, the cow represents wealth, the python is a holy icon that embodies protection, the two-headed crocodile symbolizes unity, and the chicken indicates hospitality.
Културни следи по света
2021-06-16   1454 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2021-06-16

Brunei: The Abode of Peace

15:29

Brunei: The Abode of Peace

Brunei is located on the northwestern side of the tropical island of Borneo. The island is also home to parts of Malaysia and Indonesia. The national flag features an image of two hands, representing the benevolent hands of the government and its promise to provide welfare, peace, and prosperity to the people, as well as the national motto (in Arabic): “Render service unto God’s Guidance.” The people of Brunei enjoy a diverse culture owing to the country’s unique history, which includes thousands of years of cultural, political, and economic exchanges with India and China, and its recent connections with the United Kingdom. As many citizens of Brunei are ethnic Malays, the nation enjoys strong cultural ties with Malaysia. Islam, the national religion, strongly influences the culture and lifestyle of Brunei’s Muslims, who make up about 80% of the population. The sense of community is extremely valued in the Bruneian culture. The term “gotong-royong,” which literally means “working together,” conveys the spirit in which people should function in unity for the common good. Brunei’s traditional and popular attire is influenced by Islam. For over 500 years, Brunei is renowned for its metalwork, especially silverwork, and the high-quality crafts produced by its artisans. Traditional woven textiles, known locally as “kaintenunan Brunei,” have played an important role among both royalty and ordinary people for centuries; for example, they’re given by the groom to his bride in their wedding ceremony. Basket making, called “menganyam,” is another traditional handicraft. Bamboo, rattan (climbing palms) and the leaves of other plants are woven into a wide variety of baskets and items for daily use. The nation’s Islamic roots also play a prominent role in music and dance. Common traditional instruments include gongs and coconut shells, which are used for percussion. Many tourists also visit the Kampong Ayer settlement, the historic capital of the Bruneian Empire, which is sometimes known as the “Venice of the East.” With its amazing tropical rainforests, noble people, magnificent Islamic architecture, and flouring traditional arts, Brunei will impress any traveler.
Културни следи по света
2021-07-14   916 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2021-07-14

Ghana – The Blessed Land with a Vibrant Culture, Part 3 of 3

14:11

Ghana – The Blessed Land with a Vibrant Culture, Part 3 of 3

In this final episode, we will examine Ghana’s music, dance, and poetry. The traditional chiefs of the Akan people in southern Ghana have a special dance-drumming performance called “kete.” This ensemble is managed by the customary leaders and typically played at the funeral rites for Akan chiefs and in the inauguration of a new chief. Adowa dance is the most frequently performed social dance in the Akan region. Similar to kete, the dance was historically performed for funeral purposes. In modern times, it is often a part of various events, including traditional ceremonies for puberty, marriage, child naming, and traditional festivals. The youth of Ashanti enjoy participating in a recreational dance known as Sikyi. Sikyi is seen primarily at social gatherings where youth express themselves in courtship. The dance is characterized by movements of strutting and bobbing with theatrical elegance. For Ghanaian dance artists, every gesture and body movement contains a unique meaning. Dance in the Ghanaian society is more than an art form; it is the rhythmic heartbeat of the culture itself. The choreography is carefully composed to reflect cultural values, both personally and in the community. Dances also rejuvenate a sense of togetherness among the people of Ghana and allow citizens to convey their feelings on important social issues. Dr. Ephraim Amu is considered to be the father of Ghana’s art-music tradition. In the 1920s, he composed many hymns and patriotic songs in Ewe and Akan. His song, “Yen Ara Asaase Ni” (This is Our Own Land) has become Ghana’s second national anthem. Dr. Amu also stressed the importance of love and warned that gains in the eternal game of life are really of the least importance. Dr. Amu became the first contemporary musician to ever appear on a Ghanaian currency note. Nowadays, many Ghanaian musicians perform Highlife music. Characterized by jazzy horns and multiple guitars, Highlife combines the melodic and main rhythmic structures of traditional Akan music with Western instruments. Ghanaians developed this art form as an expression of their free spirit and human existence.
Културни следи по света
2021-06-30   1176 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2021-06-30

The Indigenous People of Venezuela – Guardians of the Land, Part 2 of 2

14:57

The Indigenous People of Venezuela – Guardians of the Land, Part 2 of 2

Today we will continue to explore more aboriginal groups in this great country. The Orinoco River is the longest river in South America. The river created the Orinoco basin, a fascinating place with landscapes untouched by colonization. The people of the Basin still keep their indigenous housing styles and use canoes to travel. The Warao tribe is the guardian of the Orinoco River. The word Warao means “the boat people," which reflects their direct relationship with the river. Some live in palafitos, which are thatched huts on stilts above the water. Because the palafitos resemble similar architectural features in Venice, the land was named Venezuela by the Spanish explorer, Alonso de Ojeda, which means “Little Venice.” West of the Orinoco River, in the Llanos region, are the Guahibo and Yaruro tribes. They live in huts made of wild plantain leaves, as well as Jessenia and other palm leaves. The Yaruro are a mobile tribe, moving between the two dry and wet seasons. Their homes use Moriche palms as the main material for thatching the roofs, with Zinc lamina also used on some buildings. The Yanomami tribe lives as a community under a large round-shaped shelter called “Shabonos,” which is made from natural materials such as leaves, vines, and tree trunks.The Los Roques Archipelago consists of an estimated 350 islands north of the La Guaira port. In 1972, the Los Roques Archipelago National Park was created to protect this marine ecosystem of exceptional beauty, consisting of coral reefs, mangroves, and seagrass beds. The Guajira Peninsula is a territory along the Caribbean Coast known for a lively ecology, deep tropical rainforests, an abundance in biodiversity, plentiful clean water, and plenty of fresh air. The El Limón River in Venezuela is the main water source for the Wayuú tribes. Artificial ponds were developed to hold rainwater during the rainy season. Wayuú people have traditional crafts, such as making a variety of styles of bags, or mochilas. The Wayuú women have inherited a strong weaving tradition from their ancestors who, according to legend, learned it from a mythical spider called Walekeru.
Културни следи по света
2021-08-04   776 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2021-08-04

Danish Cultural Art, Part 2 of 2

14:11

Danish Cultural Art, Part 2 of 2

Today, we’ll examine Denmark’s unique architecture, handicrafts, visual arts, and literature. Kronborg Castle has been standing above a narrow cape between the coasts of Denmark and Sweden for six centuries. It is well known as the home of Shakespeare’s Hamlet. The Castle, widely recognized as one of Europe’s most outstanding Renaissance castles, was adopted as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000. One of the most popular and famous Danish designs is the Grand Prix chair, considered to be among the most successful chair designs of the 20th century. Its simple, elegant form and suitability for mass production contributed to its success. In 1957 the designer Arne Jacobsen won the Grand Prix for the chair at the Triennale Exhibition in Milan. Another distinctive Danish folk art practice is silversmithing. Danish artists have long created beautiful tools and utensils made of silver. For example, in the early 1900’s the world-renowned Danish silversmith Georg Jensen and his workshop produced amazing designs such as “The Adam and Eve Buckle,” “Bird Eating Berries Brooch,” “Pregnant Duck Pitcher,” and many other pieces of fine jewelry and dinnerware. Danish visual arts can be traced back to significant artifacts from the 2nd millennium BC, such as the Trundholm Sun Chariot. Viking art has been strongly influential and many examples have survived up to the present day. For example, many Viking stone monuments still stand untouched in the Danish countryside. And church frescos from the Medieval Period are well preserved. Portrait painting was also popular among members of the Danish court and aristocracy during the Middle Ages. Denmark’s most famous author, Hans Christian Andersen, wrote a book of fairy tales consisting of 156 stories that have been translated into more than 125 languages. At least nine of his tales have been made into films and loved by many generations around the world, as they uplift our spirits and spark our imaginations.
Културни следи по света
2021-03-03   897 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2021-03-03
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