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Категория : Културни следи по света
Дата : Всичко
Сортирай : Най-популярни
Субтитри : Всичко

Crete: Jewel of the Mediterranean Sea

17:43

Crete: Jewel of the Mediterranean Sea

Located in the Mediterranean Sea, about 160 kilometers south of the Greek mainland, Crete is endowed with mild temperatures, beautiful natural attractions, and an ancient history and culture. Its land mass is made up of varied terrain, ranging from fine-sand beaches at Elafonisi to the White Mountains. Mount Ida is the tallest peak in this range, and is home to the Ideon Cave, the birthplace of Zeus, according to Greek mythology. Crete consists of four regional units: Chania, Rethymno, Heraklion, and Lasithi. Two key landmarks in the capital city of Heraklion are the important Cretan monuments, the Knossos Palace built around 2,000 BC, home of King Minos and his mythical Labyrinth and the Phaistos Palace, built around 1,700 BC above the ruins of an older palace. The Old Town is known for its fairytale atmosphere, featuring the Koules Fortress and ancient defensive wall. The region of Chania on the western side of Crete, which contains the impressive White Mountains (“Lefka Ori” in Greek), has Samariá Gorge National Park occupying the largest part of its area and is home to the precious Cretan Wild Goat. Located between the White Mountains and Mount Psiloritis (also called “Ida”) is Crete’s smallest prefecture, Rethymno, which features gorgeous mountainscape, marvelous beaches, legendary caves, historic monasteries and monuments, traditional mountain villages, and mesmerizing Cretan lyra music. The Lasithi region is less mountainous and is located in the easternmost section of Crete. Key features of the region are the fabled palm tree forest of Vaï, the Gulf of Mirabello, the windmills on the Plateau of Lassithi, beaches with crystalline water, and beautiful cities. Cretans are nature lovers, so the island has many areas that are environmentally protected to preserve habitats and landscape diversity. Due to its amazing scenery, history, legends, local art and culture, Crete will impress you with its endless charms. We pray that the island will continue to develop and prosper in peace and harmony in God’s loving grace.
Културни следи по света
2020-12-30   594 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2020-12-30

Bhutan: The Land of Happiness

15:59

Bhutan: The Land of Happiness

Bhutan is the only nation in the world to focus on Gross National Happiness or GNH in its national decision-making. Bhutan’s ancient legal code states that: “If the government cannot create happiness for its people, then there is no purpose for the government to exist.” That message from the nation’s ancestors offers a guiding principle to all of Bhutan’s rulers, requiring them to ensure the happiness of all its citizens.The Bhutanese people live according to Buddhist principles of compassion and nonviolence. Since ancient times, they have strived to live in harmony with their environment and to protect both animal-people and plants as best they can. The government combines conservation and carefully implemented ecotourism to earn state revenue. The country has ten national parks that lie on the border with India. In Bhutan’s constitution, Article 5 Section 3 states that at least sixty percent of its territory must be covered by forest. Bhutan has exceeded that objective for several years, as currently, about 72 percent of the kingdom’s land area is forested.As a part of its mission to raise the level of happiness of its citizens, the Bhutanese government has launched an intensive organic farming program. A pilot program began in 2003, and then the National Framework for Organic Farming for Bhutan (NFOFB) was established in 2007, followed by the launch of the National Organic Program (NOP) in 2008. Farmers in the country are becoming increasingly convinced that working in harmony with nature helps to sustain the flow of nature's bounties.The size of Bhutan’s economy is relatively small, with a Gross Domestic Product of less than two billion dollars. But education and healthcare are completely free. All citizens are guaranteed a free basic school education, and those who work hard are provided with a free college education. The state also guarantees the basic human need of housing. If a citizen does not have a house, the government will assist them in finding a place to live, under the oversight of the Ministry of Happiness. Young Bhutanese learn how to achieve happiness in their lives from a young age. Bhutan is one of the countries which has been impacted the least by the pandemic. The king, government officials, and the general population all worked hand in hand to respond to the pandemic, and the king personally traveled to many remote areas to warn his people.
Културни следи по света
2021-12-29   580 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2021-12-29

Traditional Musical Instrument - The Ukrainian Bandura

21:16

Traditional Musical Instrument - The Ukrainian Bandura

The Bandura was believed to be a companion of humanity, producing heavenly reverberations to comfort our souls in this material world. This exceptional instrument originates from the spiritual culture of the ancient Sumero-Akkadian civilization. The Akkadians played early versions of the Bandura in their religious events as well as in festivities and for entertainment. Later, the charming instrument was introduced into eastern European countries. The beautiful bandura where several distinctly recognizable styles are used in performances. Many Ukrainian people considered these singing bandurists to be “God’s messengers,” or “vessels of God’s word.” Like their musical predecessors, modern-day folk bandurists assimilate melodies from a wide range of inspirations. Let’s now enjoy a delightful solo by a famous bandurist, Victor Mishalow, as he performs for the National Library of Australia Collection.
Културни следи по света
2022-03-07   580 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2022-03-07

Japanese Traditional Crafts, Part 2 of 2 – Washi and Suminagashi: The Arts of Paper Making and Paper Marbling

13:17

Japanese Traditional Crafts, Part 2 of 2 – Washi and Suminagashi: The Arts of Paper Making and Paper Marbling

Traditional Japanese paper is called washi. The term is nowadays used to describe paper made by hand from local fibers that are washed, boiled, beaten, and then strained using traditional techniques. The fibers used for washi are often selected from gampi trees, a group of Japanese shrubs that have been used for making paper since the eighth century. Besides for writing and painting, washi can be used to make a wide range of arts and crafts, including even boxes for gifts, candles, or other special items. It takes many years of training and practice at traditional techniques to make washi of consistent size and thickness. Mr. Ichibei Iwano is a 9th-generation paper craftsman from Ehizen Washi, a small city in Fukui Prefecture on the West coast of Honshu, Japan’s main island that has a history of papermaking spanning more than 1,500 years. Mr. Iwano has been designated a Living National Treasure by the Japanese government. Mr. Iwano says that to make the best quality paper, it’s important that he has a calm mind, without any anger or irritation. In Suminagashi, which means “floating ink,” concentric circles of differently colored dyes are floated in multiple layers on the surface of the water, and then the pattern is broken by blowing on it or fanning it with a fan, creating a unique and delicate striped pattern. Washi paper is then immersed in the ink to copy the pattern. This type of artwork is sometimes called “paper marbling” in English, and it has a history of many thousands of years around the world. While washi paper is the traditional medium for suminagashi, nowadays cloth is also used to copy the special pattern to kimonos, the traditional Japanese clothing. The beauty of suminagashi creations, along with its associated culture and traditions, attracts many people to the art, both in Japan and abroad. Mr. Tadao Fukuda is a 91-year-old craftsman from Japan who has been certified as a holder of the title Intangible Cultural Property for his expertise in suminagashi. He uses a fan that is designed to create just the right amount of wind to create a pattern with a unique, beautiful texture. And to preserve the pattern, he uses a special piece of washi paper called a "torinoko-shi" made by him. Echizen Washi has been famous for its torinoko-shi since the Muromachi Period (1336-1573).
Културни следи по света
2021-12-01   561 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2021-12-01

Traditional Musical Instrument: Kora of West Africa

17:50

Traditional Musical Instrument: Kora of West Africa

There are countless different types of musical instruments in the world. How did musical instruments come about and what inspired their ingenious inventors? Supreme Master Ching Hai once revealed the following knowledge to us: “In ancient times, the spiritual practitioners who are connected to Heaven, at times tried to replicate the mesmerizing, wonderful music of the celestial abode by creating instruments. So, many of the instruments we have –like the harp, the piano, the violin, the flute, the Scottish bagpipes, etc. – they all correlate with the sounds of real Heavenly realms, except the real ones are much more incredibly uplifting.” The kora is a unique plucked string musical instrument that’s played extensively in West Africa. This hand-made harp-lute instrument belongs to the family of calabash harps in the West African Mandinka culture. As one of the most sacred musical instruments in this region, it’s said that the kora is able to facilitate communication between members of different cultures. The kora is played in Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Senegal, Burkina Faso, and The Gambia. In Guinea, kora players are called lute carriers, while in Senegal they are known as carriers of a hand drum, sabar. The origin of the kora is closely linked to the Jalis of the Mali Empire. A traditional kora player is called a korafola and is a successor of the Jali families of oral historians, genealogists and storytellers. The kora has a combination of lute-like and harp-like features. Typically, the instrument has 21 strings and is played by plucking with the fingers. In recent years, as a compassionate alternative to the traditional materials, wooden soundboard has been adopted by some artists to create vegan koras that sound amazing and look stylish. Music for the kora is a part of the oral tradition of West Africa and its written form has only been present since the 20th century. Some traditional kora music is recorded by ethnomusicologists in the normal grand staff method using the G clef and F clef. Africa’s first female griot kora virtuoso is Sona Jobarteh. Her grandfather was the master Griot, Amadu Bansang Jobarteh. Sona Jobarteh is a renowned singer and composer who blends traditional music with blues and Afropop to produce impressive pieces of music.
Културни следи по света
2021-11-17   550 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2021-11-17

Suriname: A Unique Blend of Diverse Cultures

14:29

Suriname: A Unique Blend of Diverse Cultures

Located on the northeast coast of South America, Suriname is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the North, French Guiana to the East, Guyana to the West, and Brazil to the South. Paramaribo, the capital city, is home to approximately half of the country’s population. Though the smallest country in South America, Suriname is one of the world’s most diverse countries, so diverse in fact that it doesn’t have a racial majority. While it’s officially considered a Caribbean country, the nation is made up of a unique and beautiful blend of cultures, languages and religious faiths that live together in peace and harmony. Suriname’s cultural fusion is perhaps best reflected in its unique musical genre called Kaseko, which is most popular among Surinamese of African descent. Kaseko blends popular and folk music elements from Africa, Europe, and the Americas. It has a complex rhythm, which is maintained by percussion instruments, while the melody is often played by wind instruments, including the saxophone, the trumpet, and occasionally the trombone. Suriname’s diversity is also reflected in the people’s dress. The most traditional attire for Surinamese of African descent is a beautiful piece of colorful cloth called a Pangi, which is short for Pangani. There are different types of Pangi for different purposes and ceremonies, with different Pangi having fashionable, social and spiritual meanings. The arts and crafts of the Surinamese people have deep roots in the nearby Amazon Rainforest. Maroons are particularly famous for their intricate carvings, which are often in the form of useful household implements such as stools, cabinets and kitchen utensils. Besides its friendly and creative people, Suriname is famous, for its incredible tropical rainforests. The Central Suriname Nature Reserve was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000 for its pristine tropical rainforest ecosystem and its biodiversity. Suriname’s large forested area has made it carbon negative since 2014, meaning that it absorbs more carbon than it emits, thus doing its bit to reduce climate change.
Културни следи по света
2021-09-08   540 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2021-09-08

Peruvian Traditional Arts and Crafts, Part 2 of 2

17:02

Peruvian Traditional Arts and Crafts, Part 2 of 2

Peruvian crafts illustrate just how rich the nation’s traditions are. Their artworks have developed into an effective means of communication and transfer of knowledge both within the community as well as between generations, long before writing was developed. Through art, the Peruvian people preserved information and wisdom on topics such as abundance, fertility, and faith, for future generations. According to Dr. Diana McDonald from Boston College, USA, Nazca pottery vessels reveal a lot about the skills and religion of the people who created them. For example, a pot decorated with the orca-people communicates a message about the religious and social systems of the people from the south coast of Peru, as well as their spiritual beliefs. Orca-people were revered as mythical creatures thought to oversee the availability of water. Nowadays, Peruvian handicrafts combine a variety of cultures, including ancient Inca, Pre-Hispanic, Asian, and others. This mix of cultures can be found in colorful boxes called retablos. Ayacucho retablos are decorated with tiny human figurines, animal-people from the highlands, images of Christian saints, pre-Columbian gods, stars, mountains, and other natural scenery. Surviving examples of early Peruvian textiles show a sophisticated production process, from collecting raw materials, making the yarn, coloring it, preparing the design, and finally making the product itself. The woven fabrics are some of the finest to be found anywhere in the world. Icons in the form of animal-people and plants provide evidence that textiles were the main medium of communication for the Andean people. This method of expression and communication through textiles has continued for more than 4,500 years, with some outstanding examples from the Chavin, Paracas, Ocucaje, Nazca, Chimu and Inca cultures. A highly developed textile culture reflects the skilled craftsmanship along with the great energy and devotion of the artisans, whose work reflects devotion to their faith. This fascinating textile art and culture continue today in the local community around Lake Titicaca.
Културни следи по света
2022-02-02   538 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2022-02-02

The Taíno or “Good People” of the Caribbean

13:08

The Taíno or “Good People” of the Caribbean

The Taíno people are the indigenous people of the Caribbean. They lived in Jamaica, Cuba, Hispaniola (today’s Haiti and Dominican Republic), Puerto Rico, the Bahamas and the Lesser Antilles. The term Taíno is thought to mean “good people,” possibly a reflection of them being a welcoming group who built relationships with neighboring islands largely through travel over water via canoe. Talented canoe constructors, the early Taíno used tree trunks to create boats. The Taíno initially introduced the practice of horticulture to the Caribbean area, including in Antigua and Barbuda. Women were responsible for preparing the food, including cassava which was a staple in the diet.The Taíno were animistic in their spirituality, believing that all things possessed souls or spirits that could be either benevolent or malevolent. Today, many Taíno people recognize how important it is to care for our planet and see this connection with the Earth and nature as an integral part of their spirituality. Valerie Nanaturey Vargas-Estevez makes presentations on and is a teacher of Taíno culture. “So, to me, Taíno spirituality takes a great hold of me on a daily basis, from the moment I open my eyes and look at the sun and I thank Creator for everything. I try my best to take care of our Mother Earth that to me is so paramount. I hope that people understand and start changing the way they live so as to protect our Earth, our stars, our planet, our universe, for our children and all others that live here.” One particular study found that a large portion of Puerto Rican people are Taíno descendants. The findings have been embraced by the Taíno community. Taíno culture is becoming more renowned through the work of various people, such as Dr. Lesley-Gail Atkinson Swaby of Jamaica. Dr. Swaby studied Taíno culture for many years and was inspired to write a children’s book entitled “Boianani: A Taíno Girl’s First Adventure.”
Културни следи по света
2021-09-01   535 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2021-09-01

The Wonderful Crafts of Ukraine

16:27

The Wonderful Crafts of Ukraine

One of the most famous artistic traditions of Ukraine is the decorative painting style known as Petrykivka painting. This painting style was originally a form of local indigenous art practiced by the Zaporozhian Sich people. Originally, the style was practiced mainly by women who were inclined to paint the interior walls of their family dwellings with large-scale decorative murals consisting of rich patterns depicting flowers, fruits, and plants, sometimes alongside animal-people and humans. Flower types most often featured in the paintings were asters, dahlias, roses, and chamomile. In 2013, the art form was included on the Representative List of UNESCO's Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. In the 16th Century, the country had ten “epicenters” of pottery creation, and the city of Opishne in the Poltava region became known as the country’s “Pottery Capital.” At the beginning of the 20th Century, almost 1,000 potters resided in the city. Part of what makes the Opishne pottery creations so unique is that craftspeople do not draw sketches of their designs, so it is believed that no two items are alike. Toy-making is another extraordinary craft of Ukraine. Families make toys for their children from twigs, straw, grass, and even dough! One toy that can be found in every region of Ukraine is the Motanka, a handmade doll that is a symbol of women’s wisdom and family bonds. In the mid-1700s, the city of Krolevets became known as one of the most prominent artistic weaving centers in Ukraine. The most famous folk craft to come from the town is the Krolevets woven towel, which still holds cultural significance to this day in traditional wedding ceremonies. In engagement and wedding ceremonies, Ukrainians used a Rushnyk to tie the hands of the couple and was worn by the most important wedding guests. Wood carving has been an artistic endeavor in Ukraine since ancient times and was passed down from generation to generation for hundreds of years. The large-scale woodcarvings artistically crafted to create iconostases in some historical Ukrainian churches are truly marvelous. Some of the most beautiful examples can be seen in the Cathedral of Our Savior’s Transfiguration and the St. Job Church, both in Pochayiv Lavra, the medieval St. George Church in Pereiaslav Scansen, and St. Andrew’s Church in Kyiv.
Културни следи по света
2022-03-25   521 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2022-03-25

Advanced Inventions of Ancient Egypt, Part 2 of 2

17:56

Advanced Inventions of Ancient Egypt, Part 2 of 2

Today we will continue this journey, with a look at ancient Egyptian inventions in the fields of handcrafts, metallurgy, medicine, music, and postal systems, and also share some of the ingenious ways they managed their large, complex society. The earliest forms of paper were made from papyrus plants by the ancient Egyptians around 3000 BC. Pottery was mass produced, and stone and clay pots were used to cook and store food. These types of cookware were popular and exported throughout the Mediterranean. Glasswork was also developed in ancient Egypt as early as 3,250 years ago. Ancient Egyptians were early pioneers in metallurgy and began collecting gold and copper around 4000 BC. With the advancement in mining techniques, bronze and tin tools were being made as early as 3150 BC.Many medical products we use today were invented in ancient Egypt. Other ancient Egyptian medical inventions from around 3000 BC include poultice, splints, adhesive bandages, and prosthetics. Antibiotics from fungi and plant extracts were used to prevent infections from as early as 2700 BC. During this period, Egyptian doctors were very popular, as they could stitch wounds, repair bone fractures, and even amputate badly damaged limbs. The earliest known legal system was established in ancient Egypt around 2950 BC, based on truth, justice, and the cosmic order, and where women and men shared equal rights. Pharaohs were expected to maintain order through wise rule, just decisions, and humility before the gods. Equality before the law united the rulers and the common people together, and helped maintain harmony in society, which led to a long-lasting period of peace. Music was an important part of life for the people of ancient Egypt, and its development influenced the musical traditions of neighboring regions. Egyptian music influenced ancient Greek music and early European music during the Middle Ages. The instruments described in the Bible that were played by the Hebrews were originally Egyptian instruments, as revealed by Egyptian archaeology. Ancient Egyptians invented many different musical instruments and performed various types of music that represented their connections to art and spirituality.
Културни следи по света
2022-03-09   504 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2022-03-09

The Vivacious Folk Song and Dance of Ukraine

15:24

The Vivacious Folk Song and Dance of Ukraine

For over a thousand years, the spring season has been greeted through Vesnianky, a beautiful ritual integrating music, poetry, and round dances. In Summer, the festival of Kupalo is usually celebrated with the Kupalo folk dance and songs. Women weave wreaths of flowers and ferns that are for luck, strength, and prosperity. Elders and young people alike sing songs in the hopes of a successful growing season. During the early 15th century, the Hopak dance, which emerged as a kind of martial art, gradually found a new role as a social dance. Complex acrobatic movements include squats, leaps, and stretches on the ground or in the air. Today the Hopak is the national dance of Ukraine. Vasyl Verkhovynets is known as a champion of Ukrainian folk dance. In 1919 he published his landmark book “Theory of Ukrainian Folk Dance” based on his research, recording the choreography of Ukrainian folk dance for the first time. The mid-August International Ukrainian Dance and Culture Festival (IUDCF) is a four-day event that provides a prominent stage for dancers and performers from around the world to demonstrate their talents in Ukrainian folk dance. Performance of Ukrainian folk songs takes many forms, such as authentic folk singing, singing in ensembles, folkloric ensembles, art singing, choral art singing, and accompanied singing. Nina Matviyenko is one of the most popular traditional Ukrainian folk singers of the modern era. Honored as a People's Artist of Ukraine, and recipient of the highest state prize, the Shevchenko National Prize, Nina frequently performs on TV, in films, and on radio. The Ukrainian National Choir, the Ukrainian Chorus Dumka, and the Boyan Ensemble are famous choral singing groups during the 20th century. Substantial efforts have been made to preserve Ukrainian folk songs. For instance, the Hungarian ethnographer Miklós Both founded the Polyphony Project that collects folk music and songs in Ukraine. “Moon in the Sky” is one of the most beloved Ukrainian folk songs, and is considered a folk masterpiece.
Културни следи по света
2022-04-01   481 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2022-04-01

The Dukha: The Last Protectors of Mongolia's Reindeer-People

14:17

The Dukha: The Last Protectors of Mongolia's Reindeer-People

The Dukha are a small group of families who live in Northern Mongolia. There are thought to be about 200 Dukha people, also known as the “Tsaatan,” which means reindeer-people herders in Mongolian or the “Tuvans.” They live a nomadic life and traverse the beautiful and remote Mongolian countryside that consists of lakes, rivers, forests, and plains. This community is the smallest ethnic minority in Mongolia. It is important to understand the relationship that the Dukha has with the reindeer-people – they see the reindeer-people as an extension of their family. Although they consume reindeer-people dairy products, they do this in a respectful manner that leaves enough milk for the baby deer to drink and to grow up healthy, strong and happy. They believe that their connection with the reindeer-people is spiritual. And their view of the land is that they share the landscape instead of owning it. They place value on the lives of the reindeer-people. It is said that the Dhuka and the reindeer-people have a symbiotic relationship. The Dhuka would not survive in the climate without the reindeer-people, and without the Dukha the reindeer-people would not be safe due to wild animal-people from other kingdoms. The Dukha truly recognize the intelligence within these beautiful reindeer-people. In recent years the Dukha have been saddened by declining health of the reindeer-people. There has been an increase in ticks and parasites on the reindeer-people, dog-people and horse-people as well as other illnesses. These are believed to be due to climate change, different migration patterns (due to mining and other factors in the environment) as well as diseases that the reindeer-people might be catching from livestock that they pass between their travels. The Dukha have thus been speaking out to community and government leaders regarding climate change. Their wish is to work with the governments in order to preserve the precious land and all of the beautiful offerings that nature bestows upon us. This commitment to preserving nature and protecting our beautiful world for our future children is especially inspiring and commendable.
Културни следи по света
2022-01-19   479 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2022-01-19

Peruvian Traditional Arts and Crafts, Part 1 of 2

16:49

Peruvian Traditional Arts and Crafts, Part 1 of 2

The country of Peru is located in the Southern Hemisphere with the Pacific Ocean on the West and the longest continental mountain range in the world, the Andes Mountain, running through it. It is home to several ancient civilizations, from the Norte Chico civilization that started around 3,500 BC to the glorious Inca Empire that ended in the 16th century. Throughout this long span of time, numerous forms of arts and crafts have been invented by the Peruvian people and passed on from generation to generation. Important artifacts have been found in the country’s many archaeological sites, such as Machu Pichu, Chancay, Paracas, Mochica, Chimú and Lambayaque. The ancient Peruvian artisans made use of precious stones and other minerals that occur naturally in the region. The materials were often associated with spiritual meanings. Gold represented the Sun God and symbolized power; therefore, only kings were privileged enough to wear it. Silver represented the Moon’s tears. The carvings of animal-people, humans, plants, and shapes were also meaningful. The condor-people were associated with the celestial body that was believed to accompany human souls as they moved onto the next world. The puma-people symbolized life on Earth, while the snake-people symbolized the underworld. The spiral design represented evolution, while the quadrant of the cross named “chakana” represented the four elements: fire, water, earth, and air. Geometric designs like the circle represented endlessness, and triangles were representations of the spiritual and material universe. An outstanding example of ancient Peruvian creativity is the Nazca Lines, a group of hundreds of lines carved into the surface of the Earth to form shapes, called geoglyphs.The Incas were a non-literate culture, so they passed down their knowledge and traditions through the generations orally. Visual art was used to record scenes from their daily life, as well as their thoughts and feelings. Through carvings and sculptures, the stories of these ancient civilizations along with their cultures and traditions, can be understood. One of the best examples of an ancient sculpture found in Peru is the Sayhuite (Sigh-weetey) Monolith. Another magnificent stone carving with spiritual insights is the “Intihuatana,” which means “the place where the Sun was held” in the Quechua language.
Културни следи по света
2022-01-26   465 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2022-01-26

The Maasai – Looking to the Future with Wisdom

17:02

The Maasai – Looking to the Future with Wisdom

The Maasai culture has a long history. Modern Maasai today live in northern, central, and southern Kenya as well as northern Tanzania, with about 150,000 residing in each country. The Olmaa word for God is Ngai, and it is considered neither male nor female. Ngai is the Creator of all. It is also believed that Ngai endows each person with a guardian spirit to protect them, and to transport them away at the end of their life. The Maasai are largely known for their culture. Images of the statuesque Maasai adorned in bright red garments around the shoulders and waist abound. “In that tribe, the reason we are famous is because of our traditional values which we inherited from our forefathers from generation to generation. The values of responsibility, respect, courage, and wisdom. These are the values that have kept us together as a community from time immemorial.” Maasai warrior training is an important tradition for boys. During one of the final coming-of-age ceremonies for warriors, the Adumu, also known as the traditional Maasai dance, takes place. After the ceremony, the males have reached the status of a warrior. The Maasai are skilled at making jewelry, especially beaded jewelry. The ornamental pieces that are worn tells a story about the person’s social status and life experiences. Nowadays, jewelry making provides Maasai women with a unique opportunity to earn more income. Maasai Elder Emmanuel Milia Mankura has explained that as a leader, he encourages education in the youth and helps to empower women in varied ways such as stopping female circumcision. He helps the community to see the strengths of women. In leading his people, he also works to expand the community’s thinking beyond previous mindsets. This includes advocating for more equality between genders, and encouraging the growing of crops which was once considered taboo. “And in order for us to be successful, to have a sustainable community, it was very important to include the women and the ladies in the community.” Another area that has seen a change to traditional roles is young Maasai men becoming Lion Guardians as opposed to lion predators. Founded in 2007 by Dr. Leela Hazzah and Dr. Stephanie Dolrenry, Lion Guardians is dedicated to finding and enacting long-term solutions to enable lions and humans to coexist with each other.
Културни следи по света
2021-12-17   444 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2021-12-17

The Spirited Art and Culture of Azerbaijan, Part 1 of 2

15:59

The Spirited Art and Culture of Azerbaijan, Part 1 of 2

Situated in the Caucasus region bridging Eastern Europe and Western Asia, Azerbaijan is a land endowed with gorgeous landscapes ranging from high mountain ridges and lowland terrains to the Caspian Sea, as well as rich and diverse wildlife. The name Azerbaijan comes from the ancient Persian words “azer” which means fire, and “baygan” which means protector, referring to the area around Baku, the current capital city. Azerbaijan’s cultures and traditions have been recognized as a world treasure to be protected and preserved. The art of carpet making is a family tradition in Azerbaijani that has been passed down from mother to daughter for generations. The traditional, handmade Azerbaijani carpet was designated a Masterpiece of Intangible Heritage by UNESCO in 2010. The Lahij village is known as the center of Azerbaijan’s copper craft. The village preserves the traditions of copper casting, forging, carving and polishing, which are usually carried out by a copper-smelting master who is assisted by his apprentice. The folklore of Azerbaijan offers a wealth of tales, epics, proverbs, songs, wise sayings and even fairytales for children, some of which go back thousands of years. The folk poetry “Bayati” is one of the oldest art forms that follow strict rules. Usually recited in reflective and contemplative tones by the performer, the Bayatis express the deep feelings and concerns of the common people. Another ancient art is Ashiq, a form of folk music and poetry created by Ashiks, which means “the lovers of nature and life” in Azerbaijani. Along with Ashiq, the Azerbaijani Mugham, another form of folk musical composition, is also on the UNESCO Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. The tar is a traditionally crafted, long necked, plucked lute, which is the most popular musical instrument in Azerbaijan. UNESCO added the craftsmanship and performance art of the tar to the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity in 2012. One of the most famous and respected mugham singers is Alim Qasimov, who has recorded nine albums, frequently appears on TV and in newspapers, and travels internationally to perform.
Културни следи по света
2022-01-05   436 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2022-01-05

Suez Canal: Connecting the World through Trade

15:49

Suez Canal: Connecting the World through Trade

On March 23, 2021, the giant container ship Ever Given ran aground and blocked the Suez Canal, the key waterway between the Mediterranean and Red Seas. The incident made international headlines in all major media for over a week and drew global attention. After the event, more than 360 vessels waited to pass through the Canal, a maritime traffic jam that not only worried the Egyptians, as the Canal is a major resource for their economy, but also held up at least US$9 billion in trade per day and caused the world to fear a tight supply of oil as the market reacted considerably. The Suez Canal is a human-made waterway that connects the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. The canal extends 193 km in length from the northern terminus of Port Said to the southern terminus in the city of Suez. Owned and operated by the Suez Canal Authority, the Canal took ten years to build and officially opened in November 1869. In the 1830s, Louis Maurice Adolphe Linant de Bellefonds brought up the idea of a direct route. As a French explorer and engineer who specialized in Egypt, he did a survey to disprove the popular belief that the two seas were at different altitudes, and confirmed the contrary, making the construction foreseeable and feasible. Then in the 1850s, His Excellency Mohamed Sa'id Pasha, Wāli of Egypt and Sudan granted French diplomat Ferdinand de Lesseps permission to create a company, later known as the Suez Canal Company, to build a canal. This single blockage caused unexpected delays and economic losses for countries in remote parts of the world, affecting lives millions of miles away. Perhaps the event will serve as an epiphany for humanity that each component, factor or detail, either large or small, contributes to the wellness of the whole. As Supreme Master Ching Hai says: “Because we are all one, there’s no differentiating where the problem will break out. So if somebody does some bad things here, the problem might break out elsewhere.”
Културни следи по света
2021-12-08   425 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2021-12-08

The Charming Culture of Belize, Part 2 of 2

15:03

The Charming Culture of Belize, Part 2 of 2

The ancient architecture is well represented by the two tallest stone buildings remaining, the Mayan pyramids at Caracol and Xunantunich. There is also the fascinating but unexcavated Pilar city, which is probably the largest classic era Mayan city in Belize. The wisdom and talents of the Belizean people are reflected in their traditional and modern artworks, including paintings, sculptures, and ceramic creations. The traditional Mayan arts heritage “carved slate bas-reliefs” are still produced by talented artisans in the western districts of Belize. Traditional local handcrafts, such as woven Mayan baskets, are being well preserved for future generations by local women, especially in the Maya Village of Toledo. The Qʼeqchiʼ Maya in Belize are especially well-known for the beauty and sophistication of their textiles, which Mayan women have been weaving since the Mayan Age. The artistic Belizean people celebrate plenty of festivals. The biggest festivals of the year include Easter, Belize Independence Day, Christmas Day, the Belize City Carnival, Garifuna Settlement Day and traditional Maya Festivals. The traditional Garifuna musical instruments include the drums, the banjo, the accordion, and the guitar. Two local Belizean music genres are punta and punta rock, which were developed by Garifuna musicians. Founding member of the National Kriol Council, the “Queen of Brukdown” Leela Vernon, was awarded an “Order of the British Empire” in 2007 and designated as a “National Hero” in 2016 by the Belizean National Institute of Culture and History for her contributions to the Kriol Language, Music and Culture of Belize. Traditional Maya music and dance are an important part of the cultural heritage of Belize. The traditional Maya deer dance is a custom play that depicts the relationship between the Maya people and nature. Mayan ancestors passed down the deer dance performance to remind their future generations of the value and importance of nature and these precious animal-people friends. Belize is a vegan-friendly land, with rice and beans being the classic staples. In most common restaurants, one can find vegan options, or steamed vegetables and a wide variety of fruits readily available. Some pasta dishes are also vegan.
Културни следи по света
2021-11-21   401 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2021-11-21

The Spirited Art and Culture of Azerbaijan, Part 2 of 2

15:14

The Spirited Art and Culture of Azerbaijan, Part 2 of 2

The people of Azerbaijan are known for their hospitality. People greet each other with warm, open gestures. Serving deliciously brewed tea to is one of the ways Azerbaijani people welcome their guests. The Azerbaijani people take pride in their colorful and elegant national clothes which they often wear for special occasions. Usually young girls opt for bright colors while married women wear more subdued colors. Men’s outfits are less elaborate than women’s, but an Azerbaijani man doesn’t go out without headwear called a “Papaq” and it’s considered a disgrace to lose it. On women’s kelaghayis, rugs, textiles or wall decorations, it’s common to find a motif in the shape of an almond with a curved upper end. It’s called a “Buta” and considered to be a symbol of Azerbaijan. The happy and fortunate Azerbaijani people are blessed with a rich cultural heritage. This includes many traditional and modern dances, with each region having its own style. The traditional Vagzali dance is performed at weddings, to send the bride from her house to the house of the groom. For people in the Caucasus Mountains, the Lezginka is a very popular dance. It showcases the elegance of women and strength of men. There are various fruit festivals like the Grape Festival, the Hazelnut Festival, the Persimmon Festival, the Apple Festival, and the most popular one of all, the Pomegranate Festival. Pomegranate is also regarded as an auspicious symbol of fertility, prosperity, productivity, and abundance. For the people of Azerbaijan and surrounding countries, the first day of spring is called the “new day,” or Novruz, and is celebrated as a holiday in many countries along the Silk Road. The incoming spring symbolizes good being triumphant over evil and joy over sorrow. Prior to the celebration of Novruz, four Tuesdays in winter (Ilaxir cersenbe) are cheerfully celebrated with traditional rituals. On each of these Tuesdays, a ceremony is held to pay respect to one of nature’s four divine elements, water (su), fire (od), wind (yel) and earth (torpaq). On September 30, 2009, Novruz was inscribed on the UNESCO’s Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. The following year the United Nations declared March 21 as the International Day of Novruz.
Културни следи по света
2022-01-12   374 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2022-01-12

The Amazigh - A Celebration of Kinship and Culture

14:18

The Amazigh - A Celebration of Kinship and Culture

The Amazigh people have a rich history and are considered to be the indigenous inhabitants of North Africa. Their name, Amazigh, means free people and the plural form is Imazighen. Ancient Egyptians first made reference to the Amazigh people in 3,000 BC using the name Temehu.The Amazigh flag was created in 1997 by the Amazigh Congress. While the flag itself is a symbol of unity and cultural continuance, each color of the flag is symbolic of their land and values. It is said that the blue represents the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. The green color symbolizes the traditional Tamazgha homeland, and the yellow represents the desert. The red symbol, Yaz, symbolizes a free man. The traditional architecture of the Amazigh is unique and eye-catching, and many people may have seen it from movies. For example, the village of Aït Ben-Haddou, in Morocco is an iconic landmark that has been featured in various films including The Jewel of the Nile, Sodom and Gomorrah, Prince of Persia, Gladiator and Lawrence of Arabia. Early Imazighen was thought to have been animists. They believed that everything was connected and that living things such as animal-people and plants had a soul and spirit. The Imazighen have approximately 45 different tribal groups that have varying cultural customs and beliefs. Traditionally, societies have been matriarchal and valued women’s leadership and wisdom. Females held important roles within the tribe.Amazigh music has continued for thousands of years and has a significant place within religious gatherings, marriage ceremonies and festivals. The late Mohamed Rouicha is a famous Amazigh singer and musician from Morocco. Another celebrated Amazigh singer is Fatima Tabaamrant. Her songs are performed in Tamazight, and within her film clips, she can be seen adorned with beautiful clothing designed by Amazigh designers.In 2011, Tamazight was declared to be one of the official languages of Morocco, while Algeria formally recognized Tamazight as an official language in 2016.
Културни следи по света
2022-02-24   333 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2022-02-24

Welcoming Myanmar

15:37

Welcoming Myanmar

The Republic of the Union of Myanmar, also known as Burma, is the second-largest country in Southeast Asia. Myanmar is blessed with abundant water resources, fertile soil, and a favorable climate. Half of Myanmar's territory is covered by forested plateaus, valleys, and plains.Myanmar’s people are kind, gentle, friendly, and generous. The country is home to more than 135 separate ethnic groups, each with its own traditions, history, and customs, making it one of the world’s most ethnically diverse countries and an exciting place to visit. Myanmar is considered a paradise of tropical fruits by the growing number of tourists who have recently discovered this destination. Many tropical fruits that are exported to countries around the globe originated from Myanmar, including grapes, papayas, cherries, plums, tamarinds and durian.For vegans, the most important word to learn in Myanmar is “Thatalo,” which means “No living things” or plant-based food. The country’s street food stalls and restaurants offer vegan-friendly items such as fried vegetable dishes and raw salads, accompanied by peanut sauce and rice or noodles. You will also find spring rolls, savory patties, samosas, and bread. Shan noodles, originally from Shan City, is a popular vegan dish and commonly served for breakfast.Myanmar hosts many festivals throughout the year. The Kachin Manaw Festival is a New Year’s celebration of the Kachin people and the most important event for the Kachin State. The festival’s name means peace and unity and is celebrated at the beginning of January. According to the Burmese lunar calendar, the celebration of the Phaung Daw Oo Pagoda Festival occurs in October or November. It is one of the largest annual Buddhist festivals in Myanmar. Religion has been extremely important in Myanmar throughout its history and is still present in modern-day spiritual practice. Theravada Buddhism is practiced by roughly 90% of the population; while other religious minorities include Protestant Christians, Muslims, and Hindus. The sublime and spiritual beauty of Myanmar is expressed in the following verses by Supreme Master Ching Hai from Her poem “Mandalay – Burma,” written under the pen name Wu Tzu: “From the distant hill A temple bell peals Resonating ethereal sounds In a world that seems unreal!”
Културни следи по света
2022-03-16   321 Преглед
Културни следи по света
2022-03-16
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